Non-invasive ventilation (NIV)
- This is an intervention more advanced than an oxygen mask but less so than being on a ventilator via a breathing tube. Patients on this support have to be able to breathe themselves.
- A mask is strapped on tight and air/oxygen is delivered with pressure to the patient’s lungs.
- It is hard to talk (and be heard) whilst having this therapy. It can also dry out the mouth and so nurses will give the patient breaks from time to time if safe to do so.
- These machines are similar but more powerful than the CPAP machines used at home by people with obstructive sleep apnoea.
Indwelling urinary catheter (IDC)
Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP)
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)